The Cultural Centre, an outstanding Monument listed by Unesco!

Constructed between 1961 and 1965, this was the first completed part of the arts and sports centre intended to complement the new neighbourhood of Firminy-Vert, which was launched in 1954.


UNESCO World Heritage - architectural work Le Corbusier

“The Le Corbusier site in Firminy, the largest complex in Europe designed by the visionary architect, is one of the monuments included in the World Heritage List. What wonderful international recognition!”, say the delighted Gaël Perdriau, Mayor of Saint-Étienne and President of Saint-Étienne Métropole, and Marc Petit, Mayor of Firminy and Vice-President of Saint-Étienne Métropole.

For Firminy’s Maison de la Culture, it also entails accession to the international network of sites recognized by the United Nations institution, as is the city of Saint-Étienne, which is already a member of the UNESCO Creative Design Cities network.
This candidature is specific in that it has a unique transnational dimension, including a series of works and not one single property: a complex of an exceptional universal nature.
We thank all the local people and the institutional and economic players who have supported this transnational candidature.


The Le Corbusier site in Firminy is known as the architect’s second largest project after Chandigarh in India. It is a major complex, a cultural, economic and tourist attraction, and a priceless asset for our urban area.

Note that the World Heritage Committee decided to include Le Corbusier’s seventeen architectural works, including the Maison de la Culture in Firminy, in UNESCO’s Heritage List at its 40th session, in Istanbul, Turkey.

This inclusion confirms the importance of this work as an essential reference for the theory and the artistic aspects of architecture of the 20th and 21st century; as an outstanding contribution to the modern movement; and as a life work recognized as part of world heritage composed of seventeen sites throughout seven countries in three continents: Germany, Argentina, Belgium, France, India, Japan and Switzerland.

The Maison de la Culture is the only building of this type designed by Le Corbusier in Europe, and it was the first building constructed by the architect, between 1961 and 1965, in the new neighbourhood of Firminy-Vert.
Its architecture contributed to the renewal of forms and of spatial conceptions in the modern movement; its construction shows the architect’s avant-gardism in the use of new techniques, experimentation with materials, etc.
For all these reasons, the Maison de la Culture is one of the essential parts of Le Corbusier’s life work…

It is a unique place for the Loire Département… A famous place that is a major attraction for Saint-Etienne Métropole and the entire Auvergne Rhône-Alpes region, in a similar way to the Chapel of Notre-Dame de Ronchamp and La Tourette Monastery in other regions…

List of the series of 17 works by Le Corbusier included in Unesco’s World Heritage List:
  • 1923: La Roche and Jeanneret houses, Paris, Île-de-France, France
  • 1923: Small villa on the shore of Lake Geneva, Corseaux, Vaud, Switzerland
  • 1924: Cité Frugès, Pessac, Aquitaine, France
  • 1926: Guiette house, Antwerp, Flanders, Belgium
  • 1927: Weissenhof-Siedlung houses, Stuttgart, Bade-Wurtemberg, Germany
  • 1928: Villa Savoye and gardener’s lodge, Poissy, Île-de-France, France
  • 1930: Clarté building, Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1931: Apartment building at Porte Molitor, Boulogne-Billancourt, Île-de-France, France
  • 1945: Unité d’Habitation, Marseille, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, France
  • 1946: Factory in Saint-Dié, Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, Lorraine, France
  • 1949: House of Doctor Curutchet, La Plata, Province de Buenos-Aires, Argentina
  • 1950: Chapel of Notre-Dame-du-Haut, Ronchamp, Franche-Comté, France
  • 1951: Le Corbusier’s Cabin, Roquebrune–Cap-Martin, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, France
  • 1952: Capitol Complex, Chandigarh, Punjab, India
  • 1953: Sainte-Marie-de-la-Tourette Monastery, Éveux, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 1955: National Museum of Western Art, Taito-Ku, Tokyo, Japan
  • 1960: Maison de la Culture, Firminy, Rhône-Alpes, France