Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier

architect

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charles edouard jeanneret dit le corbusier
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Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier, who was Swiss-born, then acquired French nationality, was a complete artist: architect, urban planner, painter, sculptor and designer!

In a few words

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret was born in 1887 in La-Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. He studied classical architecture during several voyages. He discovered the solid bases of classical architecture, but was also curious to explore other cultures. Throughout his career, he continually mixed heritage and modernity.

His buildings are found in twelve countries and four continents.
After a career lasting sixty years, he died accidentally on 27 August 1965.

Chronologie

  • 1887
    Born on 6 October in La-Chaux-de-Fonds (Switzerland).
  • 1908-1909
    Work experience training with the Perret brothers: study of reinforced concrete techniques.
  • 1923
    Publication of Vers une architecture [Towards an Architecture], a veritable “bible” of modern architecture.
  • 1931
    Completion of the Villa Savoye in Poissy.
  • 1945
    Finalisation of Le Corbusier’s Modulor, establishing architectural proportions based on the scale of the human body.
  • 1952
    Completion of the Unité d’Habitation in Marseille (in the Bouches du Rhône area of France).
  • 1954
    First visit to Firminy.
  • 1955
    Completion of the Chapel of Notre-Dame du Haut in Ronchamp (in the Haute-Saône area of France).
  • 1960
    Completion of the Dominican Monastery of Sainte-Marie de la Tourette in Eveux-sur-l’Arbresle (in the Rhône area of France).
  • 1955-1965
    Construction of Chandigarh, capital of the Punjab region (India).
  • 1961-1965
    Construction of the Maison de la Culture in Firminy.
  • 21 May 1965
    Le Corbusier’s last visit to the Firminy construction site: inspection of the main structural works of the Maison de la Culture and laying the foundation stone of the Unité d’Habitation.
  • 1965
    Died on 27 August at Roquebrune-Cap-Martin (in the Alpes-Maritimes area of France).
  • 1966-1969
    Construction of Firminy Stadium.
  • 1968
    Creation of the Fondation Le Corbusier in Paris, devoted to the conservation, study and dissemination of Le Corbusier’s work.
  • 1973-2006
    Construction of the Church of Saint-Pierre in two phases, designed with José Oubrerie.

Architectural theories

Grand essayiste de l’architecture, Le Corbusier a laissé une œuvre littéraire très importante encore très largement étudiée aujourd’hui.

Five key points for a new architecture:

  • a building raised on pilotis pile stilts,
  • a self-supporting structural framework formed by columns and beams,
  • glazed external walls,
  • a flexible open plan (without load-bearing walls) that can be adapted according to the building’s functions and their changes,
  • a terrace roof that acts as a roof garden.

The Modulor

The Modulor (contraction of «module» and «golden number»), an architectural concept invented by Le Corbusier to adapt the proportions of its housing units to human morphology.

Eight
sensitive
experiments
to live…

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4.
Se mesurer – littéralement – au Modulor, fameuse unité de mesure corbuséenne.
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5.
Visiter « l’appartement témoin » et s’y projeter, comme les futurs locataires à l’époque.
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6.
Retourner sur les bancs de l’école : la plus vaste des trois réalisées par Le Corbusier dans le monde.
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7.
Admirer la prouesse technique du gradin à auvent - autant que celle des sportifs - dans le stade.
Discorver
8.
Oublier l’apparente rugosité du béton et vivre une visite haute en couleur, ouverte sur la nature.
Discorver
1.
Être impressionné par le son de son propre écho tourbillonnant jusqu’à 33 mètres de hauteur dans l’église Saint-Pierre.
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2.
Prendre de la hauteur sur le toit-terrasse de l’Unité d’Habitation et être soufflé par la vue vertigineuse.
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3.
Vibrer au rythme des phrases musicales dessinées par les fenêtres de la Maison de la Culture.
Discorver
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UNESCO Ranking

Part of his work was classified by UNESCO in 2016 as an “exceptional contribution to the Modern Movement”, including the Firminy House of Culture.
La Ville de Firminy accueille la flamme olympique ce samedi 22 juin.
 
En raison de cet événement :
Fermeture de la Maison de la Culture.
Pas de visite guidée de l’Unité d’Habitation.

L’église reste ouverte de 10h à 12h30 et de 13h30 à 18h.

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